Do you wonder how electric power is distributed in different parts of your home?
Well, a distribution board or distribution box helps to do that!
As the name goes, it is the load center and power distributor. It is the main part of the power supply system in your home. This board helps to slip the main incoming power to various different smaller circuits.
For example, the incoming electric power in your home reaches the board, and then then the board divides or distributes it to other parts, i.e., bedroom, living room, kitchen, bathroom, etc.
There is one main circuit as well as multiple subsidiary circuits on the board. While the main circuit helps you to control the electric supply in the entire house, subsidiary circuits help you to control the power in individual rooms.
If you want to know more about the distribution board, follow this guide. In this article, we are going to discuss the distribution board, its types, and uses.
What Is A Distribution Board?
If you’re looking for electricity supply in your home or business, you’ve probably heard of a distribution board. This device is responsible for dividing your electrical power feed into several subsidiary circuits and providing a circuit breaker or protective fuse to each.
A distribution panel can be very important in protecting your house or business from electrical shock and fire. It is a panel that houses circuit breakers, fuses, and ground protection units. Typically, distribution boards contain one main circuit breaker, a residual current protection device, and a series of fuses.
In some instances, a distribution board may have three or more incoming power sources. Regardless of the type of distribution system in your home or business, the right distribution board can help ensure your safety.
A distribution board has switches to protect your home from overload or short-circuits. If a fuse is blown, it will not shut down your entire system, so a distribution board can be crucial to the safety of your property.
A distribution board is the center of the power grid in a building. It connects individual power outlets, light circuits, and machine points. The live lead of each cable is connected to a rated circuit breaker.
Usually, a distribution panel has several separate switches, so there is no need for a central switch. Rather, it has a main circuit that separates smaller circuits and outlets.
A distribution board is an important part of a house’s electrical system. It is the central hub for the power supply. The main cable feeds the distribution boards and gets distributed to the secondary circuits.
Types of Distribution Board:
There are various types of distribution boards available for household and commercial use. Here are the two main types.
- Single Door Distribution Board:
Single Door Distribution Boards are a popular choice for many different types of applications. They come with a din rail and neutral link for easy installation and are available in 4-way, 8-way, and 16-way configurations.
These boards can be protected against dust, water, and other elements up to IP54. Because they are used inside a building, they have the added advantage of providing a stylish look for your premises.
Single door distribution boards are typically used in single-family homes, as they are less complex. It can be used in both new and existing homes. These boards are typically four-way. They come in a wide range of configurations, from standard to custom.
- Double Door Distribution Board:
A Double Door Distribution Board is a specialized electrical panel that distributes electric current to various electrical appliances. These boards are used in residential, commercial, and industrial settings and are designed with advanced technology for heavy-duty operations.
The products are available in a wide variety of sizes, standard specifications, and designs. It is an advanced model of the Single-Door Board.
This type of distribution board features an array of advanced components and wire sets, including a neutral bar and earth bar. In addition, this unit protects against short-circuiting and overload conditions.
What are Distribution Boards Used for?
The electrical system in a building depends on distribution boards to get power to various parts of the building. The main cable feeds into the board and is then distributed via breakers to secondary circuits.
This proper power distribution is necessary to allow devices to operate properly and safely. This is crucial to the safety of appliances and the home.
The main electrical supply system for a house is the distribution board. This board is used to distribute power to all the secondary circuits. The distribution board is essential for the proper performance of devices and appliances. It’s also essential for the safety of the appliance and home.
Distribution boards are used for different purposes in a building. For example, the main breaker panel is used for a residential or commercial unit. It is located downstream from the meter cable. In this configuration, the main breaker panel indicates the circuit amperage rating.
In contrast, the main lug panel is used when the incoming cable is upstream. In this case, the distribution board is located upstream and features a separate disconnector.
One key component of a distribution board is the fuse. This device automatically shuts off the power when the circuits are overloaded.
A fuse prevents people from touching components on the board. It can also help protect the property from fire. If you have to install a distribution panel in a basement, make sure to use one that is out of the way.
Safety Tips When Using Distribution Boards:
When installing distribution boards, you should make sure to keep them out of reach of water or basements. Most electrical codes require that they be placed at least 2200 mm above the floor.
Another important safety tip is to cover it when not in use. This will prevent corrosion of wires and fixtures. You should also install warning signs to keep children and elderly people from touching hazardous components.
A distribution board should be installed properly. It is important to have adequate space for the wires to pass. The boards should be installed according to the need and must be easy to maintain. Remember to use a blanking plate cover to protect the board from any moisture and other hazards.
Make sure you know which circuits the distribution board will serve. If you plan to install the boards for residential or commercial use, you should consider the safety standards of the building.
When installing distribution boards, be sure to protect them from abuse. The wiring should be well-ventilated to avoid corrosion. Be sure to label each circuit. The wiring should not hang outside the board.
It’s important to follow all of the safety guidelines when using distribution boards. This will prevent you from putting your safety at risk.